|From Kilikia to Mersin - A short trip through a long history|
In Mersin, the adventure of mankind began a long time ago. The Çukurova plain, which was
one of the best naturally irrigated and fertile places in the Mediterranean basin, was one of the
first settlements where people learned to till the earth. What is more, just behind this great
plain, so suitable for agriculture, there were also forests. The first settlements in this area,
which in ancient times was known as Kilikia, go as far back as the New Stone Age.
Around the year 3000, when there was nothing noteworthy in Greece, in the Aegean Islands
and in Europe, the local people had invented bronze, which is a hard and resistant alloy, by
adding tin to molten copper. They could also manufacture agricultural tools and other kinds
of utensils and weapons. Thanks to the invention of bronze, which ushered in a new age, the
process of industrialisation began. This process also brought about changes in social
organisation. The process of urbanisation had begun, bringing with it the end of closed
agricultural economies and the birth of commerce between different areas.
The province of Mersin, which encompasses the lands formerly known as Kilikia, reflects the
remnants of this ancient history and of its civilisations.